Galaxidi was originally built around 1400 BC on a hill 130 metres above the sea level and was called Oianthi.
The town was built two centuries before the Trojan war by Locros, a descendant of Defkalion. After his death a monument was erected to his honour by the Oianthians, called "the Locrion". The name Oianthi also shows up on a treaty with the neighboring city of Horakion (Itea-Xeropigado) for peaceful coexistence. The surrounding area is an archeological site.
For a short time, around in 1444 A.D., Galaxidi was also called Katakuzinoupolis, from the name of Constantine Katakouzinos. The origin of the name, Galaxidi (sour milk), is still a mystery.
From the 6th to the 9th century A.D. Galaxidi grew to a famous nautical and urban centre with a chair of the archibishop as shown in a list of the Byzantine emperor Leon the Wise. The monk Efthymios mentions that during the invasion of the Bulgarians in 981-996 A.D. Galaxidi was a growing city. This is also evident from manuscripts which are saved from the monastery of the Saviour Christ, built by Michael Komnenos.
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries Galaxidi became a major ship building center with the construction of commercial sailing vessels that traveled the globe in search of trade. Many new ideas and exotic products were brought back to Galaxidi resulting in a city rich in foreign influence and fashion. At the height of it's glory approximately 6,000 people lived in Galaxidi. The city also played a large part in the Greek fight for independence from the Ottoman Empire by supplying ships for the new navy. The Ottomans burnt the town to the ground, more than once, in a effort to stop the growth and power of the new republic .
However, when the invention of steam driven ships revolutionized ship production it was looked upon as a fad by the builders in Galaxidi and the shipping industry slowly moved to neighboring Itea, which had embraced the new technology. Galaxidi was soon deserted as the work dried up and it became frozen in time. Population dwindled to a few hundred people.
WWII, and the Civil War that followed, saw Galaxidi burn to the ground yet again and it's inhabitants fled into the hills to live in caves more than once. Some of these wounds are still raw.
Now Galaxidi is a national treasure having preserved it's unique look and it's old ways. It is a joy to wander it's authentic streets - with the mansions of the ship captains scattered around the hill tops - and imagine what it was like when when hundreds of sailing ships fought for attention in Galaxidi's tiny harbor.
From the time of Ancient Greece, through the Classical, Roman and Byzantian eras, Galaxidi has seen empires come and go: Ottoman, Republic, WWII, Civil War and the Junta. And all have left their marks on the town.
Come to where the Greeks go. . . Timeless Galaxidi.